Elective Course in English
UNDERSTANDING PROSE (BEGE – 105)
Based on Blocks 1-7
Programme : BDP
Course Code: BEGE-105/2017-18
Maximum Marks: 100
Answer All Questions
1. Comment on the dominant variety of prose (narrative, expository or descriptive) present in each of the following passages. Write a brief critical appreciation of each passage in about 250 words each:
a) In recent years there have been many studies that support the idea that developing compassion and altruism has a positive impact on our physical and emotional health. In
one well-known experiment, for example, David McClelland, a psychologist at Harvard University, showed a group of students a film of Mother Teresa working among Calcutta‟s sick and poor. The students reported that the film stimulated feelings ofcompassion. Afterward, he analyzed the student‟s saliva and found an increase in immunoglobulin-A, an antibody that can help fight respiratory infections. In another study done by James House at the University of Michigan Research Center, investigators found that doing regular volunteer work, interacting with others in a warm and compassionate way, dramatically increased life expectancy, and probably overall vitality as well. Many other researchers in the new field of mind-body medicine have demonstrated similar findings, documenting that positive states of mind can improve our physical health. In addition to the beneficial effects on one‟s physical health, there is evidence that compassion and caring behaviour contributes to good emotional health. Studies have shown that reaching out to help others can induce a feeling of happiness, a calmer mind, and less depression.
a) As giant waves swamped their boat and tossed it around, the six fishermen realized this was no ordinary storm. It was 2 pm. Naresh, 45, and Prakash 31, scrambled to retrieve
their fishing nets---each worth about Rs. 20,000/- and vital to their livelihood- while three others, Kedar, Ganesh and Eknath, all in their twenties, and 59-year-old Pandurang, frantically bailed out the rising water using cooking vessels. The 9x3-metre boat Sai-Darbar groaned, threatening to tip over. Prakash ran to the rudder, his sinewy arms strained to keep the tiller--the rudder‟s control--steady. “I can‟t handle this alone,” he screamed. Naresh joined hands with Prakash. The boat needed to remain diagonal to the waves to keep it from capsizing. The waves continued to lash the boat. After an excruciating hour, they could see Arnala‟s boating channel, marked on either side by rocks, just 500 meters away. They let out hoarse cheers. Almost home! Just then a huge seven-metre wave crashed into them. They screamed as the boat was half-submerged. Kedar, Ganesh and Eknath, who were sitting in the boat‟s rear, were flung over board.
c) Contrary to popular belief, the camel does not store water in its hump. The hump is a food reserve composed mainly of fat. Although water is produced when the fat is broken down, the oxygen used in the process causes an additional loss of water through the lungs. This more or less cancels the amount of water gained from the hump. The mainadvantage of the hump is that the camel‟s fat is concentrated in a single place- allowing the camel to lose heat freely from the rest of its body. Another way in which camels conserve water is by retaining the urea which most mammals excrete in their urine. The urea is built up into proteins by bacteria in the camel‟s stomach. In addition, camels avoid sweating by allowing their body temperature to vary over a greater range than that of any other mammal. Camels do not begin to sweat until their body temperature reaches 46 C (45 F) a temperature that would produce a high fever in a human. After a lengthy period without water, camels will drink up to 180 litres (40 gallons) at a time.
2. Write a critical analysis of the story „The Other Woman‟ By Dina Mehta with special reference to the prose style.
3. Write character sketches of all the five major characters of The Binding Vine.
4. How does the essay „On Seeing England for the First Time‟ reveal Kincaid‟s anger against colonialism?
5. Write a detailed note on Nehru‟s prose style in the letter „The Quest of Man.‟
6. Compare and contrast the prose style of a travelogue from the various prose forms that you have studied in this course.
7. What were Anne‟s early recollections of Jewish persecution? Discuss with reference to the excerpts from her diary.
8. Explain the main features of Laurence‟s speech.