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Time Running This is time running assignment Section A, B and C 3 hours.

Title Name Amity Solved Assignment B.Com 3rd Sem for Business Laws
University AMITY
Service Type Assignment
Course B.Com
Semester Semester-III Course: B.Com
Short Name or Subject Code Business Laws
Commerce line item Type Semester-III Course: B.Com
Product Assignment of B.Com Semester-III (AMITY)


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Business Law

Assignment – A

  1. At a meeting of a company, only 15 shareholders were present. 9 voted for a special resolution and 2 against and 4 did not vote at all. No poll was demanded and the chairman declared the resolution to be carried. Is this a valid resolution? Give reasons. Explain different kinds of Meetings and resolutions of a company?
  1. A company altered the objects clause of its Memorandum of Association according to the procedure laid down by law, i.e. by passing a special resolution. A copy of the resolution was filled with the Registrar 4 months after the passing of the resolution. Can the Registrar register the alteration? Give reasons. When and how MOA may be altered?
  1. Joseph promises to his wife Eva to give her pocket money of Rs 1,000 per month. After 6 months, he stops making the payment. Can Eva claim damages from Joseph? Give reasons in the light of essentials of a valid contract.
  2. No seller can give to the buyer a better title to the goods than he himself has”. Comment on the statement and also discuss the exceptions to this rule as per the Sale of Goods Act, 1930
  1. Write short notes of the following.

     (a)      “A stranger to the consideration can enforce the contract”. Explain the exceptions in the following.

i-     Supervening Impossibility

ii-     Novation

(b)Anticipatory breach of Contract

  1. c) A private company has only 2 shareholders who are also the directors with equal rights of management and voting power. The company has made large profits, but there is a complete deadlock in the management of the company. One of the shareholders applied for the winding up of the company. Decide at what moment does a winding up by the court commence?

(d)   What is a ‘Prospectus’? Is it obligatory for a company to file a prospectus or a statement in lieu of prospectus with the Registrar of Companies?


      (e)      What is meant by the rule of ‘Caveat Emptor’ and what are its exceptions?

  1. Every Holder in due course is a holder, but every holder may not be a holder in due course. Explain the term ‘Holder’ and ‘Holder in due course’ under the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881.
  1. Explain the different types of Crossing of Cheque under the provisions of Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881. What are the penalties prescribed in the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 in case of dishonor of a cheque?
  1. i). State with reasons whether the following statement is correct or Incorrect:

(a)  “Continuing guarantee is revoked by the death of the surety”.

(b)  “A principal is liable for frauds of his agent”.

(ii). Explain the various modes of creation of Agency? Write note on agency be estoppel and holding out.

Assignment – B

Case Detail:  Read the case study given below and answer the questions given at the end

                                   Case Study – Bailor &Bailee

Q .1 (Whether Raghman is liable to compensate Sudarshan for the loss?

Q .2 Can Raghman be held liable for bearing the expenses which might be incurred for the separation of the two kinds of goods? If it was not petrol but the goods which is capable of being separated?

Q .3 With regard to the provisions of the act explain the duties of bailor and bailee.

Assignment – c

  1. Annual – general Meeting is required to be held---    
  1. An acceptance is complete and effective only when it has been---  


  1. Communicated to the offerer
  2. Merely mentally accepted
  3. Externally manifested
  4. Kept in the drawer


  1. Name of a company can be changed by passing a special resolution and with the approval of


  1. The company law tribunal
  2. The Central Government
  3. The Registrar of Companies
  4. None of these


  1. Which of the following is a mode of discharge of contract---  


  1. By impossibility of performance
  2. By lapse of time
  3. By breach of contract
  4. All of above


  1. Limited liability means liability of its---  


  1. Debtors is limited
  2. Creditor is limited
  3. Members is limited
  4. Debenture holder is limited


  1. In a contract of sale, property means
    1. Raw-materials
    2. Moveable goods
    3. Ownership
    4. Immovable property


  1. The goods which are yet to be acquired by the seller, are called


  1. Existing goods
  2. Contingent goods
  3. unascertained goods
  4. future goods


  1. A contract becomes voidable if it has been caused by---  
    1. Coercion
    2. Fraud
    3. Undue influence
    4. All of them


  1. If the goods have perished, the contract of sale of such specific goods, will become---  
    1. Voidable
    2. Void
    3. Illegal
    4. None of these


  1. Articles can be altered by
    1. Ordinary resolution
    2. Special resolution
    3. Resolution requiring special notice    
    4. Unanimous resolution


  1. A contract entered into between the parties by words is called---  
    1. An express contract
    2. An implied contract
    3. A quasi contract
    4. An excited contract




  1. Acceptance of an offer is complete as against the offeror as soon as
    1. The offerer knows about it
    2. The letter of acceptance is posted
    3. The letter of acceptance is signed by offeree
    4. The letter is handed over to a delivery person
  1. If a company fails to pay its debts suit can be filed against the---  


  1. Directors
  2. Members
  3. Officers
  4. Company


  1. A contract with a minor is


  1. Illegal
  2. Valid
  3. Void
  4. Voidable


  1. Who is liable for the supply of necessaries to a minor---  


  1. His guardian
  2. His manager
  3. His property
  4. He himself


  1. A prospectus is issued---


  1. By a private limited company
  2. By a public limited company 
  3. By a company limited by guarantee
  4. None of these


  1. When, before the contract becomes due for performance, the promisor declares his intention of not performing his promise, it is called---  


  1. Remission
  2. Waiver
  3. Alteration
  4. Anticipatory breach


  1. A bailment cannot be made about---  


  1. Car
  2. Furniture
  3. Money
  4. Television


  1. The damages which arise in the usual course of things happening from the breach of contract, are called---  


  1. Remote damages
  2. Ordinary damages
  3. Special damages
  4. Nominal damages


  1. When a person is employed to represent another in dealings with third person, it is a contract of---  


  1. Bailment
  2. Guarantee
  3. Agency
  4. Pledge


  1. Which of the following is not an essential element of a contract of sale---  
    1. Goods as a subject matter
    2. Transfer of property in goods
    3. Price
    4. Railway recipt
  2. In return for a new television, Raju agrees to give his old television valued at Rs. 3,000 and an amount of cash worth Rs. 5,000 to Ganesh. This is a---
    1. Barter
    2. Exchange
    3. Contract of sale of goods
    4. Sale of approval
  1. Which of the following rights is held by an unpaid seller---  
    1. Right of lien
    2. Right of stoppage in
    3. Right of resale
    4. All of these


  1. After exercising the right of lien, the seller can resell the goods of perishable nature---  
    1. After giving 7 days notice of resale to buyer
    2. After giving 1 days notice of resale to buyer
    3. Without giving any notice
    4. None of these


  1. Which of the following is not a remedy for breach of contract---  


  1. Rescission of the contract
  2. Restitution of benefit
  3. Suit for damages
  4. Alteration of the contract


  1. A contract by which one party promises to save the other from loss is called---  
    1. Contract of guarantee
    2. Contract of indemnity
    3. A quasi contract
    4. None of these


  1. Surety’s liability is


  1. Primary
  2. Secondary
  3. Absolute
  4. None of these


  1. Crossed cheques payable to bearer are negotiated by


  1. Endorsement and delivery
  2. Delivery
  3. Assignment
  4. None of these


  1. In a contract of sale, which of the following is treated as implied condition


  1. That the seller has title to goods
  2. That goods are similar to description
  3. That goods are according to sample shown
  4. All of these


  1. Consideration must move at the desire of---  


  1. The promisor
  2. The promise
  3. A third party
  4. None of them





  1. Which of the following does not relate to ‘termination of agency by operation of law’


  1. Death of principal
  2. Insolvency of principal
  3. Destruction of subject-matter
  4. Revocation of authority by the principal


  1. Which of the following sentence is a valid promissory note---  


  1. I promise to pay Mohan or order Rs. 1,000.
  2. I promise to pay HariRs. 2,000 worth of shares
  3. I promise to pay Naraynan in East India Bonds
  4. I promise to pay Rakesh Rs. 5,000 and to deliver 50 kg of sugar.


  1. A stipulation collateral to the main purpose of the contract, is called a---  


  1. Condition
  2. Warrenty
  3. Guarantee
  4. None of these


  1. A person who receives a negotiable instrument for consideration, before maturity, and in good faith, is called
    1. Holder for value
    2. Holder
    3. Holder in due course
    4. None of these





  1. A director must vacate his office if he fails to obtain qualification shares within
    1. 1 week
    2. 2 week
    3. 1 month
    4. 2 month


  1. Which of the following rights are available to a finder of goods---
    1. Right of lien
    2. Right to file a suit for reward
    3. Right of sale of goods
    4. All of these
  1. A private company has at least---  
    1. 7 members
    2. 3 members
    3. 3 director
    4. 2 member


  1. A cheque payable to order may be negotiated---  
  2. By delivery
  3. By endorsement
  4. By endorsement and delivery
  5. None of these



  1. Which of the following endorsements is invalid---
  2. Restrictive endorsement
  3. Conditional endorsement
  4. Special endorsement
  5. Partial endorsement


  1. When a cheque bears across its face an addition of the words “&” between two parallel transverse lines, it is called---  
    1. Special crossing
    2. Restrictive crossing
    3. general crossing
    4. double crossing

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