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Title Name Amity Solved Assignment M.Com 2nd Sem for Financial statement analysis
University AMITY
Service Type Assignment
Course M.Com
Semester Semester-II Course: M.Com
Short Name or Subject Code Financial statement analysis
Commerce line item Type Semester-II Course: M.Com
Product Assignment of M.Com Semester-II (AMITY)
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Solved Assignment


  Questions :-

                                                                                Financial statement analysis

 Assignment A

  1. Which financial statement is the most important?
  1. Discuss the meaning of financial statements.
  1. Discuss the limitations of financial statements
  2. Define the term inter firm comparison.
  3. Discuss the Various tools of Financial Analysis.

     6. What are the Profitability Ratios?

   7.Discuss the Ratio analysis concept.

  8. Elaborate the concept of Analysis of segmental information. 

 

 

 

 

 

Case Study

When a loss-making company creates a deferred tax asset, it is a signal that the company’s management is optimistic of an early turnaround. This is because conservative accounting requires that a company recognise the tax savings from carry-forward losses only if there is reasonable certainty that the company will actually have book profits in the near future. However, investors should make an independent assessment of the company’s financials to see if the losses are from one-time factors, which may be rectified in the future. A good approach to reporting deferred tax liabilities and assets is the one adopted by some Indian companies in their balance sheet. It provides detailed disclosures on the opening balance of each component of deferred tax liability or asset, takes the reader through the additions and deductions during the year, and arrives at the closing balance as reported in the financial statements. In addition, companies may be asked to provide a statement that explains why the taxation provision reported to shareholders differs from the standard tax rate applicable to them. This may leave investors much wiser about the sources of a company’s tax savings than is the case with deferred tax accounting, with all its complexities For instance, Nagarjuna Fertilisers made a loss of Rs. 191 crore before taxes in the March 2015 quarter. But it created a deferred tax asset of Rs. 4.75 crore for the quarter. The company’s profits for the quarter took a knock from large-scale provisioning to meet the liability arising from a revision in subsidy realised from the government in the earlier years. The deferred tax asset suggests that the company believes that the losses are of a one-time nature, resulting from the provisioning.

 Question No. 

1.Analyse this information and write down the case facts.

2. How should the investors make an independent assessment of the company’s financials to interpret the losses?

3. Should the companies be required to explain the source of deferred tax provisions or credits in their interim financial statements just as they do in their balance sheets?

 

 

 

Assignment C

  1. A …………. also referred to as a statement of financial position, reports on a company assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity at a given point in time.

Options

  1. balance sheet
  2. cash flow statement
  3. income statement
  4. Profit and loss statement

 

 

 

  1. A ………….. reports on a company cash flow activities, particularly its operating, investing and financing activities.

Options

  1. Income statement
  2. cash flow statement
  3. Balance Sheet
  4. Profit and loss statement

 

 

  1. A………….. , also known as equity statement or statement of retained earnings, reports on the changes in equity of the company during the stated period.

Options

  1. Balance Sheet
  2. cash flow statement
  3. Statement of changes in equity  
  4. Profit and loss statement

 

 

  1. ………… plays an integral role in the capital markets and economic stability and growth, and efforts to enhance its quality are vital.

Options

  1. Profit and loss statement
  2. Balance Sheet
  3. cash flow statement  
  4. Financial reporting

 

 

  1. ……………. are those which provide either goods or services with the basic objective of profit earning.

Options

  1. Business organizations
  2. Government Organisation
  3. Private Organisation 
  4. None of these

 

 

  1. A ……………. provides information on the operation of the enterprise. These include sales and the various expenses incurred during the stated period.

Options

  1. Income statement
  2. Profit and loss statement
  3. Balance Sheet  
  4. Financial reporting

 

 

  1. An……………, also known as a statement of comprehensive income, statement of revenue & expense, P&L or profit and loss report, reports on a company´s income, expenses, and profits over a period of time.

Options

  1. Financial reporting
  2. Profit and loss statement
  3. Income statement  
  4. Balance Sheet

 

 

 

  1. The ……………. represents a record of a company assets, liabilities and equity at a particular point in time.

Options

  1. Income statement
  2. Profit and loss statement
  3. Financial reporting  
  4. Balance sheet

 

 

 

  1. ……….. represent the resources that the business owns or controls at a given point in time.

Options

  1. Assets
  2. Liability
  3. Non Liability  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

  1. A …………..is an obligation that a business owes to someone and its settlement involves the transfer of cash or other resources.

Options

  1. Assets
  2. Liability
  3. Non Liability  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

  1. A common problem with …………… is that the aggregation of information in the financial statements may have changed over time, due to ongoing changes in the chart of accounts, so that revenues, expenses, assets, or liabilities may shift between different accounts and therefore appear to cause variances when comparing account balances from one period to the next.

Options

  1. Horizontal analysis
  2. Proportion analysis
  3. Vertical analysis  
  4. Financial statement analysis

 

 

 

 

  1. The most common use of …………. in an income statement is to show the various expense line items as a percentage of sales, though it can also be used to show the percentage of different revenue line items that make up total sales.

Options

  1. Financial statement analysis
  2. Vertical analysis
  3. Proportion analysis
  4. Horizontal analysis

 

 

  1. …………..is the process of reviewing and analyzing a company financial statements to make better economic decisions

Options

  1. Horizontal analysis
  2. Vertical analysis
  3. Financial statement analysis  
  4. Proportion analysis

 

 

  1. ………… is the proportional analysis of a financial statement, where each line item on a financial statement is listed as a percentage of another item

Options

  1. Horizontal analysis
  2. Financial statement analysis
  3. Proportion analysis
  4. Vertical analysis

 

 

  1. ……………. is the comparison of historical financial information over a series of reporting periods, or of the ratios derived from this financial information.

Options

  1. Horizontal analysis
  2. Vertical analysis
  3. Proportion analysis  
  4. Financial statement analysis

 

 

  1. In this ……………., an array of ratios is available for discerning the relationship between the size of various accounts in the financial statements.

Options

  1. Vertical analysis
  2. Proportion analysis
  3. Financial statement analysis  
  4. Horizontal analysis

 

 

  1. ………….. create trend lines for key items in the financial statements over multiple time periods, to see how the company is performing.

 Options

  1. Horizontal;
  2. Vertical
  3. Trends  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

  1. A financial statement, which expresses the different values in form of percentage, is called a…………….. .

Options

  1. Proportion analysis
  2. Horizontal analysis
  3. Vertical analysis  
  4. Common size financial statement

 

 

 

  1. The main purpose of …………..is improvement of efficiency by showing the management of participating firm its present achievements and possible weaknesses

 Options

  1. IFC
  2. Intra firm comparison
  3. Costing system  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

  1. Inter-firm comparison is a natural outcome of uniform…………....

 Options

  1. Budget system
  2. Costing system
  3. Budget Control System  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

  1. The …………. of a company determines its ability to utilise the Assets employed in the company efficiently and effectively to earn a good return.

 Options

  1. Return on Assets
  2. Analysis Ratio analysis
  3. Dividend Coverage Ratio  
  4. Analysis Ratio analysis

 

 

 

  1. ………….states the number of times an organization is capable of paying dividends to shareholders from the profits earned during an accounting period.

Options

  1. Working capital turnover ratio
  2. Dividend Coverage Ratio
  3. Analysis Ratio analysis  
  4. Profitability Ratios

 

 

 

  1. The ……………… measures how well a company is utilizing its working capital to support a given level of sales. Working capital is current assets minus current liabilities.

Options

  1. Analysis Ratio analysis
  2. Price earnings ratio
  3. Working capital turnover ratio  
  4. Profitability Ratios

 

 

 

  1. The ……………. of a company determines its ability to withstand competition and adverse conditions like rising costs, falling prices or declining sales in the future.

Options

  1. Return on Assets
  2. Ratio calculation
  3. Ratios  
  4. Profit Margin

 

 

 

  1. ………… are the means of presenting information, in the form of a ratio or percentage, which enables a comparison to be made between one significant figure and another.

 Options

  1. Profit Margin
  2. Return on Assets
  3. Ratio calculation  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

 

  1. The purpose of ………….. is to evaluate the various aspects of a company’s operations. It can be calculated from any couple of numbers.

 Options

  1. Return on Assets
  2. Ratio calculation
  3. Profit Margin  
  4. None of these

 

 

 

  1. …………… is indispensable part of interpretation of results revealed by the financial statements. It provides users with crucial financial information and points out the areas which require investigation.

Options

  1. Price earnings ratio
  2. Working capital turnover ratio
  3. Analysis Ratio analysis  
  4. Profitability Ratios

 

 

 

  1. …………….. refers to activity of assessing financial statements to judge the performance of company.

Options

  1. Analysis Ratio analysis
  2. Working capital turnover ratio
  3. Price earnings ratio  
  4. Financial analysis

 

 

 

  1. …………….. show how successful a company is in terms of generating returns or profits on the Investment that it has made in the business.

 Options

  1. Profitability Ratios
  2. Price earnings ratio
  3. Analysis Ratio analysis  
  4. Working capital turnover ratio

 

 

 

  1. The…………….. , often called the P/E ratio or price to earnings ratio, is a market prospect ratio that calculates the market value of a stock relative to its earnings by comparing the market price per share by the earnings per share.

Options

  1. Profitability Ratios
  2. Price earnings ratio
  3. Analysis Ratio analysis  
  4. Working capital turnover ratio

 

 

 

  1. A ……………..is a business segment or a geographical segment identified on the basis of foregoing definitions for which segment information is required to be disclosed by this Standard.

Options

  1. reportable segment
  2. business segment
  3. Segment assets  
  4. geographical segment

 

 

 

  1. ………… are those operating liabilities that result from the operating activities of a segment and that either are directly attributable to the segment or can be allocated to the segment on a reasonable basis.

Options

  1. Reportable segment
  2. Segment liabilities
  3. Business segment  
  4. Segment assets

 

 

 

  1. …………are those operating assets that are employed by a segment in its operating activities and that either are directly attributable to the segment or can be allocated to the segment on a reasonable basis

 Options

  1. Business segment
  2. Geographical segment
  3. Segment assets  
  4. Reportable segment

 

 

 

  1. ………….. is revenue from sales to external customers as reported in the statement of profit and loss.

Options

  1. Business segment
  2. Geographical segment
  3. Segment assets  
  4. Enterprise revenue

 

 

 

  1. …………… is the aggregate of the portion of enterprise revenue that is directly attributable to a segment,

 Options

  1. Segment revenue
  2. Segment assets
  3. Geographical segment  
  4. Business segment

 

 

 

  1. A …………… is a distinguishable component of an enterprise that is engaged in providing products or services within a particular economic environment and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of components operating in other economic environments..

Options

  1. Business segment
  2. Geographical segment
  3. Segment revenue  
  4. Segment assets

 

 

 

  1. A …………..is a distinguishable component of an enterprise that is engaged in providing an individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments

 Options

  1. Segment revenue
  2. Geographical segment
  3. Business segment  
  4. Segment assets

 

 

 

  1. ………………established a relationship between total assets and long debts. Debt- Equity Ratio

Options

  1. Solvency Ratio
  2. Debt Equity Ratio
  3. Quick ratio  
  4. Total Assets to Debt Ratio

 

 

 

 

  1. …………. establishes the relationship between quick/ liquid assets and current liabilities.

 Options

  1. Quick ratio
  2. Total Assets to Debt Ratio
  3. Debt Equity Ratio  
  4. Solvency Ratio

 

 

 

  1. ………….. measures the relationship between long-term debt and shareholders’ funds. Quick Ratio / Acid test ratio/Liquid ratio

Options

  1. Total Assets to Debt Ratio
  2. Debt Equity Ratio
  3. Quick ratio  
  4. Solvency Ratio

  Answers :-

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